Sunday, May 31, 2020

World no Tobacco day

World no Tobacco day

Every year World Health Organisation (WHO) organizes World no Tobacco day on 31st May to highlight the health risks of using tobacco and to encourage governments to make policies that help in reducing smoking. According to WHO smoking kills more than 8 million people around the world every year.World no Tobacco day is aimed at providing a counter marketing campaign and empower young people to engage in fight against Big Tobacco.

The World no Tobacco Day 2020 global campaign will serve to:-

1.Debunk myths and expose manipulation tactics employed by the tobacco and other related industries, particularly marketing tactics targeted at youths, including introduction of latest and novel products, flavours and other attractive features.

2.Equip youth with knowledge about tobacco and related industries intentions and tactics to hook current and future generations on tobacco and nicotine products.

3.Empower influencers to protect and defend youth and catalyse change by engaging them in fight against Big Tobacco.

Hindi Journalism Day

Hindi Journalism Day

Hindi journalism day(Hindi Patrakarita diwas) is celebrated on 30th May every year.

On 30 May,1826 Udant Martand ,the first hindi newspaper of India was edited and published.This day is celebrated as Hindi journalism day(Hindi Patrakarita diwas) to mark the beginning of Journalism in Hindi language.

Pandit Jugal Kishor Shukla , a lawyer from Kanpur started this newspaper from Kolkata(then Calcutta). It was closed on 04, December,1827 due to financial crisis. Till than only 79 issues was published. It was weekly newspaper which was published on Tuesday. Braj and Khadi boli was used in this newspaper.

92 nd Oscar Awards winners ,2020

List of winners
  1. Best actor - Joaquin Phoenix ,Movie -Joker
  2. Best actress - Renee Zellweger ,Movie - Judy
  3. Best supporting actor -Brad Pitt,Movie -Once upon a time in Hollywood
  4. Best supporting actress - Laura Dern , Movie -Marriage story 
  5. Best international feature film - Parasite (Soth Korea),Director -Bong Joon Ho
  6. Best director -Bong Joon Ho
  7. Best animated feature film - Toy story 4
  8. Best documentary feature - American Factory
  9. Best documentary short subject - Learning to skateboard in a warzone(If you're a girl)
  10. Best live action short film - The Neighbors' Window
  11. Best animated short film -Hair Love
  12. Best film editing - Ford v Ferrari ,Michael McKusker&Andrew Bucland
  13. Best original song -"(I'm Gonna)Love Me Again ,Movie -Rocketman
  14. Best Cinematography - 1917  ,Roger Deakins
  15. Best costume design - Little women  ,Jacqueline Durran
  16. Best production design -Once Upon a Time in Hollywood ,Barbara Ling
  17. Best Makeup and Hairstyling -Bombshell ,Kazu Hiro

Saturday, May 30, 2020

China’s first home made aircraft carrier Shandong conducting sea trials

China’s first home made aircraft carrier Shandong conducting sea trials

China’s Defence Ministry said the navy’s first entirely home built aircraft is carrying

out sea trials to test weapons and equipment and for crew’s enhanced training.

Ren Guoqiang ,defence ministry spokesman said the exercise were being conducted as planned , apparently unaffected by the country’s coronavirus outbreak.

It is the second Chinese aircraft carrier to enter service after the Liaoning, which was

originally purchased from Ukraine and entirely refurbished.

It is based on a Soviet design with a “ski jump” style flight deck for takeoffs. It is

powered by conventional oil fuelled steam power plant.

Friday, May 29, 2020

AR 500C,China's first unmanned helicopter

Ø   The AR500C  helicopter which is China’s first unmanned helicopter recently made its maiden flight.
Ø  It is developed mainly for plateau operations.
Ø  It is capable of conducting missions including reconnaissance, communication relay, electronic disruption and fire strike at high altitude, this versatile and easy-to-operate drone could help safeguard China's southwestern borders with India.
Ø  It is developed by Aviation Industry Corporation of China(AVIC).
Ø  It can take off at an elevation of 5,000 meters and has a ceiling of 6,700 meters. It has an endurance of five hours, maximum speed of 170 km/h and a maximum take off weight of 500 kg.
Ø   It can take off, land and hover automatically and is installed with a number of advanced flight programs for efficient and safe flights.

India faces its worst locust menace in 27 years

India faces its worst locust menace in 27 years

Large swarms of desert locusts have entered in India where they had not been seen since 1993 and have already caused huge damage to crops in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, parts of Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra. They have destroyed over 90,000 hectares of cropland, putting further strain on the food supply in India as authorities battle to contain the coronavirus.

According to the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) desert locusts typically attack the western part of India and some parts of the state of Gujarat from June to November. However, the Ministry of Agriculture's Locust Warning Organization (LWO) spotted them in India as early as April this year.

Real damage is being caused in rural India where farmers already bearing the brunt of the COVID-19 induced lockdown and the low prices they have fetched in the last few years, stare at massive crop damage that the locust swarms are capable of inflicting.

Heavy rains and cyclones in the Indian Ocean are being cited by experts as reasons for increased breeding of locusts this year. The attack is also spread over a wider geography in India than usual. The FAO has warned that the locust infestation will increase next month, when locusts breeding in East Africa reach India.

According to Roxy Mathew Koll, climate scientist at Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, the heavy rainfall was caused by unusually warm waters in the western Indian Ocean in late 2019 “Heavy rain triggers the growth of vegetation in arid areas where desert locusts can then grow and breed. These locusts which migrated to India early this year might have found greener pastures as the pre-monsoon rains during March-May were in excess over north India this year,” he said. 

Thierry Delaporte to be Wipro's new CEO and MD

Thierry Delaporte to be Wipro's new CEO and MD
Tech consulting and business process services firm Wipro Limited has appointed Thierry Delaporte as it's new Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director. The appointment is effective from July 6, 2020.

 Thierry Delaporte was the Chief Operating Officer of Capgemini Group and a member of its Group Executive Board. During his 25-year career with Capgemini, he held several leadership roles including that of Chief Executive Officer of the Global Financial Services Strategic Business Unit, and head of all global service lines. He also oversaw Capgemini’s India operations, and led the group’s transformation agenda, conceptualising and driving several strategic programs across various business units.

Delaporte will start his work from July 6. He will be based in Paris and report to Rishad Premji. Thierry has a Bachelor's degree in Economy and Finance from Sciences Po Paris and a Masters in Law from Sorbonne University. He is also the co-Founder and President of the not-for-profit organization Life Project 4 Youth.

Thursday, May 28, 2020

Biosphere Reserves in India

Biosphere reserves are ‘learning places for sustainable development’. They are sites for testing interdisciplinary approaches to understanding and managing changes and interactions between social and ecological systems, including conflict prevention and management of biodiversity. They are places that provide local solutions to global challenges. Biosphere reserves include terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems. Each site promotes solutions reconciling the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use.

Criteria for Designation of Biosphere Reserve:-

  • A site must contain a protected and minimally disturbed core area of value of nature conservation.
  • Core area must be a bio-geographical unit and should be large enough to sustain a viable populations representing all trophic levels.
  • The involvement of local communities and use of their knowledge in biodiversity preservation.
  • Areas potential for preservation of traditional tribal or rural modes of living for harmonious use of the environment.

Biosphere Reserves in India 

S. No.


 Date of

 Area (in km2)

Location (State)




(Core 1240 & Buffer 4280) 

Part of Wayanad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Madumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley and Siruvani hills (Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka).


Nanda Devi 


(Core 712.12, Buffer 5,148.570) & T. 546.34)

Part of Chamoli, Pithoragarh, and Bageshwar districts (Uttarakhand). 




(Core 47.48 & Buffer 227.92, Transition Zone 544.60)

Part of Garo hills (Meghalaya).


Great Nicobar 


885 (Core 705 & Buffer 180)

Southern most islands of Andaman And Nicobar (A&N Islands). 


Gulf of Mannar


10,500 km2
Total Gulf area
(area of Islands 5.55 km2) 

Indian part of Gulf of Mannar between India and Sri Lanka (Tamil Nadu).




(Core 391 & Buffer 2,446)

Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamprup and Darang districts (Assam) 




(Core 1700 & Buffer  7900)

Part of delta of Ganges and Brahamaputra river system 
(West Bengal). 






(Core 845, Buffer 2129 & Transition 1400

Part of Mayurbhanj district (Orissa).  




(Core 340 & Buffer 425)

Part of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia Districts (Assam)




(Core 4094.80 &Buffer 1016.70)

Part of Siang and Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh. 





Parts of Betul, Hoshangabad and Chindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh. 




(Core 1819.34 & Buffer 835.92)

Parts of Khangchendzonga hills and Sikkim.





Neyyar, Peppara and Shendurney  Wildlife Sanctuaries and their adjoining areas in Kerala.


Achanakamar -    Amarkantak


(Core 551.55 & Buffer  3283.86)

Covers parts of Anupur and Dindori districts of M.P. and parts of Bilaspur districts of Chhattishgarh State.




12,454 km2

Part of Kachchh, Rajkot, Surendra Nagar and Patan Civil Districts of Gujarat State


Cold Desert



Pin Valley National Park and surroundings; Chandratal and Sarchu&Kibber Wildlife Sancturary in Himachal Pradesh


Seshachalam Hills



Seshachalam Hill Ranges covering parts of Chittoor and Kadapa districts of Andhra Pradesh





Part of Panna and Chhattarpur districts in Madhya Pradesh

Source: Wildlife Institute of India

National Parks of India

NameState or UTEstb. YearArea(km2)
Campbell Bay NPAndaman & Nicobar Islands1992426.23
Galathea Bay NPAndaman & Nicobar Islands1992110
Mahatama Gandhi Marine
 (Wandoor) NP
Andaman & Nicobar Islands1983281.5
Middle Button Island NPAndaman & Nicobar Islands19870.44
Mount Harriett NPAndaman & Nicobar Islands198746.62
North Button Island NPAndaman & Nicobar Islands19870.44
Rani Jhansi Marine NPAndaman & Nicobar Islands1996256.14
Saddle Peak NPAndaman & Nicobar Islands198732.54
South Button Island NPAndaman & Nicobar Islands19870.03
Papikonda NPAndhra Pradesh20081012.86
Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) NPAndhra Pradesh20052.4
Sri Venkateswara NPAndhra Pradesh1989353.62
Mouling NPArunachal Pradesh1986483
Namdapha NPArunachal Pradesh19831807.82
Dibru-Saikhowa NPAssam1999340
Kaziranga NP(*UNH)Assam1974858.98
Manas NP(*UNH)Assam1990500
Nameri NPAssam1998200
Rajiv Gandhi Orang NPAssam199978.81
Valmiki NPBihar 1989335.65
Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) NPChhattisgarh              19811440.705
Indravati (Kutru) NPChhattisgarh              19821258.37
Kanger Valley NPChhattisgarh              1982200
Mollem NPGoa1992107
Vansda NPGujarat197923.99
Blackbuck (Velavadar) NPGujarat197634.53
Gir NPGujarat1975258.71
Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) NPGujarat1982162.89
Kalesar NPHaryana200346.82
Sultanpur NPHaryana19891.43
Great Himalayan NP(*UNH)Himachal Pradesh1984754.4
Inderkilla NPHimachal Pradesh2010104
Khirganga NPHimachal Pradesh2010710
Pin Valley NPHimachal Pradesh1987675
Simbalbara NPHimachal Pradesh201027.88
City Forest (Salim Ali) NPJammu & Kashmir19929
Dachigam NPJammu & Kashmir1981141
Hemis NPLadakh19813350
Kishtwar NPJammu & Kashmir1981425
Betla NPJharkhand1986226.33
Anshi NPKarnataka1987417.34
Bandipur NPKarnataka1974874.2
Bannerghatta NPKarnataka1974260.51
Kudremukh NPKarnataka1987600.32
Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) NPKarnataka1988643.39
Anamudi Shola NPKerala20037.5
Eravikulam NPKerala197897
Mathikettan Shola NPKerala200312.82
Pambadum Shola NPKerala20031.318
Periyar NP Kerala1982350
Silent Valley NPKerala198489.52
Bandhavgarh NPMadhya Pradesh1968448.85
Dinosaur Fossils NPMadhya Pradesh20110.8974
Fossil NPMadhya Pradesh19830.27
Indira Priyadarshini Pench NPMadhya Pradesh1975292.85
Kanha NPMadhya Pradesh1955940
Madhav NPMadhya Pradesh1959375.22
Panna NPMadhya Pradesh1981542.67
Sanjay NPMadhya Pradesh1981466.88
Satpura NPMadhya Pradesh1981585.17
Van Vihar NPMadhya Pradesh19794.45
Chandoli NPMaharashtra2004317.67
Gugamal NPMaharashtra1975361.28
Nawegaon NPMaharashtra1975133.88
Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) NPMaharashtra1975257.26
Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) NPMaharashtra198386.96
Tadoba NPMaharashtra1955116.55
Keibul-Lamjao NPManipur 197740
Balphakram NPMeghalaya1985220
Nokrek Ridge NPMeghalaya198647.48
Murlen NPMizoram1991100
Phawngpui Blue Mountain NPMizoram199250
Intanki NPNagaland1993202.02
Bhitarkanika NPOdisha1988145
Simlipal NPOdisha1980845.7
Desert NPRajasthan19923162
Keoladeo Ghana NP(*UNH)Rajasthan198128.73
Mukundra Hills NPRajasthan2006200.54
Ranthambhore NPRajasthan1980282
Sariska NPRajasthan1992273.8
Khangchendzonga NP(*UNH)Sikkim19771784
Guindy NPTamil Nadu19762.82
Gulf of Mannar Marine NPTamil Nadu19806.23
Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) NPTamil Nadu1989117.1
Mudumalai NPTamil Nadu1990103.23
Mukurthi NPTamil Nadu199078.46
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy NPTelangana19941.43
Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali NPTelangana199414.59
Mrugavani NPTelangana19943.6
Clouded Leopard NPTripura20075.08
Bison (Rajbari) NPTripura200731.63
Dudhwa NPUttar Pradesh1977490
Corbett NPUttarakhand1936520.82
Gangotri NPUttarakhand19892390.02
Govind NPUttarakhand1990472.08
Nanda Devi NP(*UNH)Uttarakhand1982624.6
Rajaji NPUttarakhand1983820
Valley of Flowers NP(*UNH)Uttarakhand198287.5
Buxa NPWest Bengal1992117.1
Gorumara NPWest Bengal199279.45
Jaldapara NPWest Bengal2014216.51
Neora Valley NPWest Bengal1986159.89
Singalila NPWest Bengal198678.6
Sunderban NP(*UNH)West Bengal19841330.1

Note:-(*UNH) - UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Source: Wildlife Institute of India ,Dehradun