Thursday, August 6, 2020

One Nation-One Ration Card Scheme

Context:-
Recently, Manipur, Nagaland, Uttarakhand and Union Territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir have been integrated with the One Nation-One Ration Card (ONORC) Scheme.
  • Till now ,24 States/UT are under this scheme.
  • Remaining States/UT will be added into scheme by March 2021.
  One Nation-One Ration Card (ONORC) Scheme:-
This scheme will integrate the existing PDS systems or portals of states and UTs with those of the Centre under a central repository of all National Food Security Act (NFSA) ration cards and beneficiaries.
The central repository will ensures that no duplicate ration cards and beneficiaries exist in any state or UTs. The ONORC scheme is implemented across the nation and for that data of all ration cards will be connected to one server and any beneficiary, anywhere in the country, will be able to pick up their grain from any public distribution system of their choice after 30th June, 2020.

Salient features of Scheme:-
1.This scheme was started as inter-State portability of ration cards in 2019 in four states as pilot scheme.

2.It allows the migrant workers beneficiaries to lift their entitled quota of food grains from any Fair Price Shop (FPS) of their choice anywhere in the country under National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013 .This can be done by using their existing ration card with Aadhaar based authentication.

3.Now with 24 States/UTs connected under the scheme, about 65 crore beneficiaries, comprising 80% of the total beneficiaries covered under the NFSA, can now get their subsidised ration from anywhere in these 24 states and union territories.

Benefits of this scheme:-
1.It will improve the mechanism to identify fake/duplicate ration cards .

2.The scheme will ensure food security of migrant labourers who move to other states to seek better job opportunities.

3.It will make distribution of foodgrains transparent and efficient.

Source -The Hindu

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