Friday, May 7, 2021

Rankings of India in various Indices

 1.Henley Passport Index 2021

Released by :Henley &Partners
India's rank - 85
1st rank - Japan

2.World Happiness Index 2021

Released by : UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network
India's rank - 139
1st rank - Finland

3.Global Climate Risk Index 2021

Released by : German Watch
India's rank - 7
1st position - Mozambique

4.Global Gender Gap Report 2021

Released by : World Economic Forum(WEF)
India's rank - 140
1st position - Iceland

5.Corruption Perception Index 2020

Released by : Transparency International
India's rank - 86
1st position - New Zealand & Denmark

6.Ease of Doing Business 2020

Released by : World Bank
India's rank - 63
1st position - New Zealand

7.Human Capital Index 2020

Released by : World Bank
India's rank : 116
1st position - Singapore

8.Global Talent Competitiveness Index 2020

Released by : INSEAD
India's rank - 72
1st position - Switzerland

9.Global Innovation Index 2020

Released by : World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
India's rank - 48
1st position - Switzerland

10.Global Peace Index 2020

Released by : Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP)
India's rank - 139
1st position - Iceland

11.World Press Freedom Index 2020

Released by : Reporters without Borders
India's rank - 142
1st position - Norway

12.Democracy Index 2020

Released by : The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)
India's rank - 53
1st position - Norway

13.Global Social Mobility Index 2020

Released by : World Economic Forum
India's rank - 76
1st position - Denmark

14.Human Development Index 2020

Released by : United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
India's rank - 131
1st position - Norway







Wednesday, May 5, 2021

Government Schemes by Ministry of Education (previously HRD ministry)

 1.YUKTI 2.0 

The Ministry of Human Resource Development has launched an initiative ‘YUKTI 2.0’ to help systematically assimilate technologies having commercial potential and information related to incubated startups in higher education institutions.


Key Points

  • Creation of Database: The Ministry has invited students, faculty members, startups and other stakeholders of higher education institutions to register on the YUKTI portal and share their technologies and innovations.
  • 2.Padhna Likhna Abhiyan

Padhna Likhna Abhiyan will focus on the Basic Literacy component in four months cycle amongst the adults of the nation. NITI Aayog, has underlined 112 Aspirational Districts. This scheme will focus on achieving 100% or Total Literacy by 2030. The scheme will be merged with the existing schemes of the government. 

Under this scheme, massive literacy projects will be launched in the tribal and forests areas, prisons, slums, etc. with the technology as a facilitator. By driving the technology in, quality education will be imparted in the backward areas with the creation of e-materials, mobile apps and more. 

3.STARS Project

 Strengthening Teaching-Learning and Results for States (STARS) project with a total project cost of Rs. 5,718 crore with the financial support of World Bank amounting to about Rs. 3,700 crore.
  • The STARS project would be implemented as a new Centrally Sponsored Scheme under the Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education (MoE).
  • Aim and Focus: These are aligned with the objectives of National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 of Quality Based Learning Outcomes.

    • Strengthening the government-managed school education system that primarily caters to the educational needs of girls and students from marginalised groups.
    • Focus on initiatives of PM e-Vidya, Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission and National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education as part of the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.

4.KAPILA Caimpaign

Union Education Minister has launched the Kalam Program for Intellectual Property Literacy and Awareness Campaign (KAPILA) on the occasion of the 89th birth anniversary of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.

  • He was born on 15th October 1931.

Key Points

  • KAPILA:

    • Under this campaign, students pursuing education in higher educational institutions will get information about the correct system of application process for patenting their invention.

      • Students in higher education institutions of the country are innovating constantly under the guidance of their teachers but they are not aware of the system of filing its patent.
    • Through this campaign, students will be able to get benefits from their inventions by patenting them.

      • For India to become a USD 5 trillion economy by 2024-25, students and scientists have to be more aware of protecting intellectual property (IP).
    • The program will facilitate the colleges and institutions to encourage more and more students to file patents and everyone engaged in research and development must apply to preserve and safeguard their inventions.

5.TULIP: The Urban Learning Internship Program

Ministry of Human Resource Development, the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs, and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) have jointly launched an online portal called The Urban Learning Internship Program (TULIP).

Key Points

  • Aim: The program aims to provide internship opportunities to 25,000 fresh graduates in all Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and Smart Cities across the country.
  • Concept: TULIP has been conceived pursuant to the Budget 2020-21 announcement under the theme ‘Aspirational India' which laid emphasis on changing the approach of education from ‘doing by learning,’ to ‘learning by doing'.
  • Area of Work: The internship opportunities will be provided for ‘Smart City’ projects which range from positions in urban planning, water supply, waste management, slum improvement and digital governance among others.
  • Eligibility: Applicants must be Indian citizens who have completed their final year of college within the last 18 months and have a degree of B. Tech, B planning, B. Arch, BA, BSc, BCom, LLB.
  • Duration: Internship durations can range from eight weeks to one year.
  • Benefit: It would help enhance the value-to-market of India’s graduates and help create a potential talent pool in diverse fields.

    • TULIP would also benefit ULBs and smart cities. It will lead to infusion of fresh ideas and energy with engagement of youth in co-creation of solutions for solving India’s urban challenges.

6.MANODARPAN: Mental Health Initiative

Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD) has launched the 'Manodarpan' initiative under Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.

It is aimed to provide psychosocial support to students, family members and teachers for their mental health and well-being during the times of Covid-19.

Key Points

  • Description: The platform includes a national toll free helpline for students of schools, universities and colleges, which will be manned by a pool of experienced counsellors, psychologists and mental health professionals.
    • It also has a website, a national database of counsellors which will host an interactive online chat platform, advisories and tips through webinars and other resources